The history of Canadian Sphynx is probably as unusual as its exterior.
There is an opinion that cats like it existed in Southern America long before
Columb had found it. According to this version Aztecs kept naked cats
in their temples where these cats were very honoured. Only priests and
aristocracy could contact them. Instead of this some treating qualities
were attributed to naked cats.
While conquer America missionaries properly eradicated Indian religion and culture.
Hundreds of thousands Indians had perished. Their sacred cats also
couldn't escape from this sad fate.
These cats relatively called "Mexican naked" were supposed to be lost forever.
During next hundred years in US and Latin America territories in usual litters of
shorthair cats seldom naked kittens had been born there. Born in litters
of outdoor cats they died struggling for their lives. Born indoors
they were abolished by their owners which thought kittens were ill.
In 60-th in Ontario, Canada, 2 naked kittens besides regular ones
were born in the litter of black-and-white shorthair female named Elisabeth.
They were bought by Canadian breeders but that attempt to restore a breed
Several years later, thanks to sudden mutation, in litters of 2 shorthair cats
situated in a great distance from each other ancestors of breed known nowadays
by the name of Canadian Sphynx were born.
In 1975 in the state of Minnesota in Pierson's farm usual shorthair female
had given birth to the naked kitten that later became one of the most famous ancestors
of the breed. Later his owners wich for sure had sense of humour called him
"Ephydermis". Next year this exactly female gave birth to another naked kitten named "Dermis".
Both animals were bought by Kim Myeske from Oregon. They became founders not
only her cattery "Z.Stardust" but Ephydermis also paid a great contribution
to development the breed in whole.
In 1978 in Toronto, Canada, 3 more naked kittens were found in the streets. One
of them, named Bemby stayed in Canada being alive more than 18 years. Two more
kittens were shipped to Holland. These kittens, Panky and Paloma, owned
by Dr. Hugo Fernandes became ancestors of Europian Sphynx population.
Breeders began purposeful search for hairless kittens. Any times they found
additional representatives of this seldom mutation in America and Canada
and included them to breeding. There is known some case of hairless kitten's
birth from two longhair parents!
Breeders used to mate Devon-Rex and American Shorthair to expand genetic basement.
This practice is used also nowadays by several catteries. Crossings like those
certainly could be succesful only when using by experienced breeder with great
knowledge of genetics.
By the moment Canadian Sphynx is a fixed breed recognized by many world felinological
organizations. Its popularity constantly grows. It could be explained both exotic
appearance of Sphynxes, easieness of taking care of them and their extremely nice character.